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# Chemistry Review (12/8/11] - Moles WKSHT

## Chemistry Review (12/8/11] - Moles WKSHT

This is really, REALLY simple to me, but you probably aren't me so I'll attempt to walk it through. Sorry for any confusion, of course if you have any questions or concerns you can always PM me or post in this topic for clarification!

O

H

Which equals 97.647. So we have the formula mass (I'll call it F) and we have the given mass (34, which I'll call G). Moles I'll call M.

M x F = G

97.647M = 34

Working backwards, we say 34/97.647 = about .35 moles.

Mol x m

Or in other words, The particle amount divided by A's # = the moles AND

Moles times mass of base formula = mass of the sample amount.

Luckily, we're only trying to get to the moles, so discard the second equation [for now].

We know the particle amount of CH

Mol x m

Or in other words, The particle amount divided by A's # = the moles AND

Moles times mass of base formula = mass of the sample amount.

This time around, we're actually getting to use the entirety of this formula. I'll zip past the first part:

Okay, this is where we pull the second half of the equation:

Mol x m

We have the moles, 5.65, what we need now is the base formula mass to get the mass of the sample amount.

N = 14.007

H

add it together to get 17.031g.

5.65 x 17.031 = m

= 96.22515g Easy

Mol x m

Ca = 40.078

N

O

which equals 164.312 (I'm not making this up).

4.2 x 164.312 = 690.1104g

**1) Define "mole".**

Mole is a unit of measure for a substance.**2) How many moles are present in 34 grams of Cu(OH)**

To find out how many moles are present in X amount of anything, remember that Moles x Formula Mass equals the grams. So, find out the mass of Cu(OH)_{2}?_{2}which isCu: 63.543O

_{2}: 15.999*2 : 31.998H

_{2}: 2.106Which equals 97.647. So we have the formula mass (I'll call it F) and we have the given mass (34, which I'll call G). Moles I'll call M.

M x F = G

97.647M = 34

Working backwards, we say 34/97.647 = about .35 moles.

**3) How many moles are present in 2.45x10**

Recall fromMole Potpourri and other sources that^{23}molecules of CH_{4}?*P/A*= MolMol x m

_{base formula}= m_{sample amount}Or in other words, The particle amount divided by A's # = the moles AND

Moles times mass of base formula = mass of the sample amount.

Luckily, we're only trying to get to the moles, so discard the second equation [for now].

We know the particle amount of CH

_{4}sample is 2.45x10^{23}. And we also know A's number is 6.02x10^{23}. Divide 2.45x10^{23}by 6.02x10^{23}and you'll get approximately .41 moles.**4) How many grams are there in 3.4x10**

Recall fromMole Potpourri and other sources that^{24}molecules of NH_{3}?*P/A*= MolMol x m

_{base formula}= m_{sample amount}Or in other words, The particle amount divided by A's # = the moles AND

Moles times mass of base formula = mass of the sample amount.

This time around, we're actually getting to use the entirety of this formula. I'll zip past the first part:

**3.4x10**/ 6.02x10^{24 }^{23}= 5.65 molesOkay, this is where we pull the second half of the equation:

Mol x m

_{base formula}= m_{sample amount }We have the moles, 5.65, what we need now is the base formula mass to get the mass of the sample amount.

N = 14.007

H

_{3}= 3.024add it together to get 17.031g.

5.65 x 17.031 = m

_{sample amount }= 96.22515g Easy

**Another one like this? Well, luckily the "weigh" part hints that we're finding the sample mass yet again. We can axe out the 1st part of The Equation, and now we can get onto to the juicy part.**

5) How much does 4.2 moles of Ca(NO

5) How much does 4.2 moles of Ca(NO

_{3})_{2}weigh?Mol x m

_{base formula}= m_{sample amount }Remember, we have the moles and we need the base formula.Ca = 40.078

N

_{2}= 14.007 x 2 = 28.014O

_{6}= 15.999 x 6 = 95.994which equals 164.312 (I'm not making this up).

4.2 x 164.312 = 690.1104g

**6) What is the molar mass of MgO?**

Easy question much? Just look on your periodic table, locate Mg and O's atomic mass (which, by the way, are 24.305 and 15.999, respectively) and add 'em together. Bam, molar mass equals 40.304g.**7)How are the terms "molar mass" and "atomic mass" different from one another?**

Atomic mass is the mass of an atom. Molar mass is the mass of the moles of a substance.**8) Which is a better unit for expressing molar mass, "amu" or "Grams/mole"?**

Grams/mole is better, I am in thinking. ;)_________________

**Amy**- Super Moderator
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